DOMAC Reports on Reparations Domestic Criminal Procedures in Mass Atrocity Cases (2008 and 2010)

The ‘DOMAC’ research programme – ‘Impact of International Courts on Domestic Procedures in Mass Atrocity Cases’ – focuses on the impact of international legal procedures in mass atrocity situations on domestic prosecutions, sentencing, and procedural standards. The DOMAC research is carried out in several distinct working packages, the seventh of which (WP7) focuses on the interactions between international reparations programmes and cases in domestic courts.

DOMAC workshop I of WP 7 took place at the Amsterdam Center for International Law, University of Amsterdam(UvA) in June 2008.  Its focus is primarily on how MCPs have been challenged in domestic courts. Reparations have been granted to victims through various forms of MCPs—both at national and international level—in response to some of the same atrocity situations as international courts have addressed. Given the increasing calls for victim reparations in post-conflict planning and peace negotiations, a project such as DOMAC takes account of the actual and potential impact of MCPs.

DOMAC workshop II of WP7 took place at the Amsterdam Center for International Law on 18 June 2010. In the same manner as the first workshop,1the purpose was to collect experiences and lessons from different reparations mechanisms for mass atrocities.

Workshop II encompassed four discussion panels. Panel I concerned the International Court of Justice (ICJ) reparations cases and related domestic procedures; Panel II explored the impact of decisions by the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) through the case studies of compensation mechanisms in Cyprus and Turkey; Panel III focused on two major claims processes involving Iraq; and Panel IV on two case studies from Africa—the Eritrea Ethiopia Claims Commission and reparations initiatives in Sudan. In addition, an update on the Kosovo housing restitution programme (discussed at Workshop I) was provided.